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To develop a good industrial design, a systematic study is required. The idea is to find the best combination of industrial facilities that compete for production within an available space. It’s also the way that people, machines and equipment are organized in a factory.
However, to reach the ideal design there is a long way to go.
“We design all machines, equipment, jobs. To do this, we first set up a diagnosis of what it takes to have a detailed design. This is done to know the flow of that company. Only then is the definitive industrial design created,” says TM Consulting, consultant in Industrial Engineering, Afonso Mota.
Efficient industrial layout vs. inefficient layout
The expert also explains that, before industrial design, it’s necessary to make a diagnosis. This process involves, for example, an operational flow and work analysis.
“We need to check things like ergonomics, supplies and access to equipment. From this, we get a better design of each station and a wider view of what’s happening in the supply chain of the company”, he emphasizes.
When thinking about the industrial design of a business, one of the aspects that should be prioritized is the movement of employees. This movement directly affects production and yield. Therefore, it’s recommended that this design be organized. Moving a professional two or three meters can mean between seven and eleven minutes of time wasted per shift. To better exemplify these numbers, Motta presents a practical example.
“We work in a situation where the factory was in a warehouse and the businessman put all the equipment against the wall, because he understood that the condition was important. During the diagnosis, we realized that, of the total area, they only used 25% of the space for production. There was the possibility, then, to change the inventory and the shipping area, speeding up the process,” he explains.
In this case, as noted, the fundamental factor, which is the movement, wasn’t originally respected. Professionals spent more time moving between different sectors than producing due to an industrial
Industrial design: Tips to optimize it It’s worth remembering that any design should be reviewed from time to time. This is because when there’s an increase in income and production, it’s necessary for the industry structure to adapt and continue working to keep growing.
See some tips on how to improve industrial design:
1. Manage transport
Transport optimization is given by eliminating unnecessary movements of people and materials. This simple approach ends up having direct impacts on the efficiency of the process. Organizing the factory
in sections by type of machine is a way to follow this optimization.
2. Build a layout by processes
Assigning similar processes closely is a way to avoid industry inefficiency and low productivity. Analyzing this provision and its operation can be essential to allow for an agile and effective work.
3. Organize the physical layout
In addition to the sectorized positions, points such as safety, signaling, worker comfort and ease of access are essential. Having machines that, in fact, are crucial in the factory also helps in that process.
These points also contribute to greater productivity, since good signaling facilitates faster processes and a safe professional about the sequence and the correct way of working, producing more.
Remember that a poor physical disposition that doesn’t include the basic elements can lead to increased costs. That is, problems such as unnecessary storage, queues and lengthening downtime are also possible.